The State of Israel was among the first countries in the world to recognize the importance of defending its critical computerized systems. In 1997, "Tehila" (Government Infrastructure for the Internet Age – Israel's e-GOV project) was launched with the goal of protecting the connection of government offices to the internet and providing secure hosting for the governmental sites. In 2002, the Government of Israel resolved (in Resolution 84/b) to determine the areas of responsibility for protecting computerized systems in Israel, defining critical computerized infrastructure and establishing NISA (the National Information Security Authority), which regulates and advises critical infrastructures in the field of information security.
Given the development of cyberspace and the expansion of threats in that domain, in November 2010, the Prime Minister of Israel instructed that a taskforce be established which would work to formulate national plans that would place Israel among the top five countries leading the cyber field. This work, named "The National Cyber Initiative", was led by the High Committee for Science and Technology, headed by Chairman of the National Council for Research and Development, Prof. Gen. (Res.) Isaac Ben-Israel. The taskforce that was established included representatives of the main bodies in the cyber field in Israel (research, development, defense, etc.), and comprised a number of sub-committees, which examined the components essential for Israel's preparedness in cyberspace, as well as analyzing the national benefit with regard to the economic, academic and national security aspects.
The central recommendation made in the framework of the cyber initiative was to establish a national cyber bureau that would serve as an advising body serving the Government and its head. The main activities of the Bureau relate to the overall government policy and actions in the cyber sphere with a broad point of view, civilian and military alike. On August 7, 2011, the Government of Israel approved the establishment of the National Cyber Bureau and determined that the Bureau would lead the promotion of the cyber related matters in Israel, coordinate between the various bodies, enhance the protection of national infrastructure from cyber attack and encourage the advancement of the subject in the industrial sphere. All of this, with the vision of placing Israel among the top five countries leading in the field within a relatively short number of years.